Sources

Here is a list of references for people who’d like to dig a little deeper and find out more about Hallstatt and its fascinating history. The vast majority are in German, but there are a few sources written in English, too.  I’ll add to these sources as I go along and find new ones with relevant material. Also note, I’m don’t strictly adhere to a standardized form of citing sources.

Burgstaller Ernst (1961).  Schaedelbesehriftung und Bemalung in den Oesterreichischen Alpenlaendern. In: Koren H, Kretzenbacher L, editors. Volkskunde im Ostalpenraum (Alpes Orientales II). Steir: Steirisches Volksmuseum. p. 71-84.

In German: a fairly exhaustive review of the practice of painting skulls in Austria.

Martinez, Neus Abadias (2005). Evolutionary patterns of the human skull. A quatitative genetic analysis of craniofacial phenotypic variation.

A dissertation in its original Spanish but also translated into English. Great information on the Hallstatt skulls. In this work she cites Burgstaller as saying that the tradition of painting skulls is connected with a catholic celebration of All Saints Day. Burgstaller said no such thing. Possibly a misinterpretation.

Idam, Friedrich. (2008)(www.idam.at).  Bemalte Totenkoepfe. In: Historische Grundlagenforschung.

Dr. F. Idam is a former grave digger of Hallstatt. He is currently a professor of Architecture in Hallstatt and an expert in Industrial Archaeology. His website contains a wealth of information on Hallstatt. Even if you don’t read German, the website is worth visiting for his drawings and photographs.

Morton, Friedrich. (1954) Hallstatt. Kultur und Natur einer viertausendjaehrigen Salzstaette. Band II. Die letzten einhundertfuenzig Jahre des Bergmannsortes. Hallstatt: Hallstatt Musealverein.

Former chief curator of the Hallstatt Museum. He was an outstanding person who contributed hugely to our understanding of Hallstatt.

Sauser, Gustav. (1956) Bemalte Ossuarienschaedel aus Hallstatt. In: Actes du Ive Congris Internationales des Sciences Anthropliques et Ethnolgiques.Vienna: p 112-116

A detailed review of some of the most interesting skulls in the Hallstatt Collection. To bad the slides from his presentation are not shown.

UNESCO. (1996) Hallstatt-Dachstein (Austria). In: UNESCO editor, World Heritage List.

Urstöger, Hans Jörgen. (1994). Hallstatt Chronik. Vom Beginn der Besiedlung bis zum Jahre 1884. Hallstatt: Hallstatt Musealverein.

The current chief curator of the Hallstatt Museum. Updated the Hallstatt chronology of F. Morton and then wrote another, greatly expanded update in 1994. Quite remarkable. The Hallstatt Chronic is written in German and is a complete chronological history of Hallstatt from its beginnings t0 1994. Entries are typically short and in encyclopedic style, but I have yet to find anything more comprehensive in one volume.

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